Results bolster the practice of using medicines to drive down cholesterol levels.
Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2014.16360
Rosetta mission images reveal spacecraft activity before hibernation.
Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2014.16363
DNA-based memory can record multiple inputs from engineered gene circuits.
Nature News doi: 10.1038/nature.2014.16343
National laboratories collaborate to purchase top-flight machines.
Nature 515 324 doi: 10.1038/nature.2014.16347
This is the November 2014 issue of the UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Newsletter containing news and events of interest.
Project puts spotlight on protected reserves that boost biodiversity.
Nature 515 322 doi: 10.1038/nature.2014.16350
Calium/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C) was purified from bovine retinae rod outer segments (ROS). In the presence of 0.1-2 microM calcium protein kinase C binds tightly to ROS and phosphorylates rhodopsin in the absence or presence of illumination. This property of protein kinase C contrasts with that of rhodopsin kinase, which in vitro phosphorylates only bleached rhodopsin. Peptide maps of rhodopsin phosphorylated by protein kinase C or rhodopsin kinase were compared using limited Staphylococcus aureus V8 protease digestion or complete tryptic digestion. Phosphorylation sites map to serine and threonine residues on the cytoplasmic carboxylterminal domain of rhodopsin for both kinases. The functional consequence of protein kinase C phosphorylation of rhodopsin was a reduced ability to stimulate the light-dependent rhodopsin activation of [35S]guanosine 5'-O-(thiotriphosphate) binding to transducin, the GTP-binding regulatory protein present in ROS. Properties of the calcium-stimulated interaction of protein kinase C with membranes and in vitro phosphorylation of intrinsic proteins are discussed based upon the findings.
Purification of the receptor for nerve growth factor from A875 melanoma cells by affinity chromatography
The receptor for nerve growth factor (NGF) has been purified to near homogeneity from octylglucoside extracts of A875 melanoma cell membranes by the use of repetitive affinity chromatography on NGF-Sepharose. Elution of purified receptor (NGF receptor) was accomplished with 0.15 M NaCl, pH 11.0, containing phosphatidylcholine and octylglucoside. Chromatography on two columns of NGF-Sepharose yielded a 1500-fold purification of the receptor, as assessed by 125I-NGF binding, and permitted recovery of 9% of the total binding activity in the soluble extract. Scatchard analysis of equilibrium binding of 125I-NGF provided similar Kd values for NGF receptors in soluble extracts of A875 membranes (2.2 nM) and with purified NGF receptor (3.1 nM). Examination of NGF receptor after electrophoresis on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels revealed the presence of two major peptides, of Mr = 85,000 and Mr = 200,000. Affinity labeling experiments, done with 125I-NGF and A875 cells, soluble extracts of A875 cell membranes, and purified receptor, show that both of these components of the NGF receptor can be specifically cross-linked to 125I-NGF.